Kristusaq Aglagikuk! Angangulakan Aglagikuk!
Orthodox Christian Catechism
in the Aleut language (Eastern dialect of the Fox Islands)
Saint Innocent (Veniaminov) of Alaska (+1879)
& Ivan Pan’kov – manuscript 1826 (0.2 MB)
Aleut (Unangan) Orthodox Language Texts
ORTHODOX HEART SITES
After 87 years at the Smithsonian,
bones of Alaska Natives returned and reburied
Anthropologists once excavated the graves of thousands of Native Americans. Now museums in the U.S. are slowly working to return those remains and funerary objects to tribes.
A village in southwest Alaska recently reburied 24 of their ancestors who had been excavated by a Smithsonian anthropologist in 1931.
About half of the village of Igiugig crowded into the Russian Orthodox Church in the center of town on a drizzly fall day. In the center of the nave sat three handmade, wooden coffins that held the bones from the now-abandoned settlement of Kaskanak.
The remains were unearthed by Aleš Hrdlička, who was the head of the anthropology department in what is now the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History. The question of how people originally came to North America and from where drove Hrdlička to dig up the bones of Native Americans all around the United States. Historians estimate that he took thousands to Washington, D.C., for research.
After more than eight decades in the museum’s collection, Igiugig’s ancestors finally returned home for reburial.
FAITHBOOK – ORTHODOXY
Σας ευχαριστούμε που μας βρήκατε
Γράφει ὁ Bernie May: «Στίς ἀρχές Μαΐου τοῦ 1972, ὁ καλός μου φίλος ὁ Μπένγκετ Γιάνβικ ἔγινε τό ἀντικείμενο μιᾶς μαζικῆς ἐπιχειρήσεως διασώσεως, ἐνῶ μετέφερε ἕνα καινούργιο ἀεροπλάνο στήν Galena τῆς Αλάσκας. Τό ὕπουλο “βροχερό πέρασμα”, μιά πυξίδα πού ταλαντευόταν καί κάποια ἀπότομα καθοδικά ρεύματα εἶχαν σάν ἀποτέλεσμα νά συντριβῆ σ᾽ ἕνα ἀπρόσιτο βουνίσιο φαράγγι. Ὁ Μπένγκετ, ἄν καί ἐπέζησε ἀπ᾽ τήν πτῶσι χωρίς τραύματα, ἦταν ἀγνοούμενος. Μιά χιονοθύελλα πού ξέσπασε, κάλυψε ὅλη τήν περιοχή γιά τίς ἑπόμενες τέσσερεις μέρες.
Στό μεταξύ οἱ ἀρχές καί οἱ φίλοι του ἔκαναν ὅ,τι μποροῦσαν. Πενῆντα ὁμάδες ἔρευνας καί διασώσεως καί ἄλλα τόσα στρατιωτικά καί πολιτικά ἀεροπλάνα ἄρχισαν νά ψάχνουν τό βουνό. Ἕνας φίλος ἐπιχειρηματίας ἀπ᾽ τήν California πῆγε στήν Αλάσκα καί μίσθωσε ἐπιπλέον ἀεροπλάνα καί ἑλικόπτερα, γιά νά βοηθήσουν στίς ἔρευνες. Χριστιανοί φίλοι ἀπ᾽ ὅλο τόν κόσμο προσεύχονταν.
Τήν πέμπτη μέρα ἀναγνωριστικά ἀεροπλάνα πέταξαν πάνω ἀπ᾽ τόν Μπένγκετ, ὅμως δέν τόν εἶδαν. Τή δέκατη τρίτη μέρα τά ἀεροπλάνα σταμάτησαν τίς ἔρευνες. Καθώς τελείωναν τά ἐφόδιά του, ὁ Μπένγκετ πίστευε πώς κάθε ἐλπίδα σωτηρίας εἶχε χαθῆ. Ἐκείνη τή δέκατη τρίτη μέρα, ὅμως, ἕνα ἑλικόπτερο, πού πέταξε στό φαράγγι, τόν ἐντόπισε.
Ὁ χαμένος βρέθηκε! Μπορεῖτε νά φαντασθῆτε τήν ἀγαλλίασι καί τόν ἐνθουσιασμό! Ἡ γυναῖκα καί τά παιδιά του, οἱ φίλοι του, οἱ ὁμάδες ἔρευνας, ὅλοι ξεφώνιζαν ἀπ᾽ τή χαρά τους.
Τότε ὀργανώθηκε μιά δεξίωσι. Ὁ μεγαλύτερος διαθέσιμος χῶρος, μέ καθίσματα γιά 250 ἄτομα, ἦταν ἀσφυκτικά γεμάτος. Συντονιστής τῆς βραδυᾶς ἦταν ὁ ἐπιχειρηματίας, πού εἶχε ναυλώσει τό ἑλικόπτερο, ὅταν ὅλα τά ἄλλα ἀεροπλάνα εἶχαν ἐγκαταλείψει τίς προσπάθειες. Ὁ Μπένγκετ, ὁ ἴδιος, εἶχε τήν εὐκαιρία νά πῆ “εὐχαριστῶ” στούς ἀνθρώπους, πού εἶχαν περάσει ὧρες καί μέρες, ψάχνοντας γι᾽ αὐτόν, ἕνα χαμένο, τόν ὁποῖο δέν τόν γνώριζαν προσωπικά.
Καθώς ὁ Μπένγκετ μᾶς ἐδιηγεῖτο αὐτή τήν ἱστορία, δέν μπόρεσα νά μή σκεφθῶ μιά ἄλλη σύναξι. Τελετάρχης θά εἶναι ὁ ἴδιος ὁ Ἰησοῦς. Ἡ μεγαλόπρεπη οὐράνια αἴθουσα θά εἶναι κατάμεστη. Μπορῶ νά ἀκούσω ἀνθρώπους ἀπό διάφορες φυλές —Κάμπας, Κέουας, Ἄουκας— νά λένε:
“Σᾶς εὐχαριστοῦμε, γιατί ὀργανώσατε τήν ὁμάδα σωτηρίας· σᾶς εὐχαριστοῦμε, γιατί παραμείνατε σ᾽ αὐτήν. Σᾶς εὐχαριστοῦμε πού μᾶς βρήκατε. Βρισκόμαστε ἐδῶ, ἐπειδή ἐσεῖς ἐνδιαφερθήκατε”».
Ἀπό το βιβλίο: Ἀρχιμ. Ἰωάννου Κωστώφ, Ψυχική Τόνωσι, Διαχρονικό Ἡμερολόγιο, Ἐκδόσεις Ἅγιος Ἰωάννης Δαμασκηνός (2108229542), Σταμάτα 2017
HEAVEN ON EARTH – ORTHODOXY
Orthodoxy in Alaska
NATIVE AMERICANS MET ORTHODOXY
Saint Matushka Olga Michael of Alaska (+1979)
Archpriest Nicolai O Michael (1912-1984) and Saint Matushka Olga Michael of Alaska (1916-1979)
Notes about the lives of the Archpriest Nicolai O Michael and his wife, Matushka Olga (Arrsamquq) Michael, are presented in the context of Canadian Orthodox biographies, even though neither of them had any direct personal contact with Canada. Nevertheless, details of their lives parallel those of many of the Orthodox Canadian clergy of the earlier part of the 20th century. More importantly, the presenting of their lives can help us to understand how the Lord works in different ways with two Christ-loving and Christ-serving people, in order to help, encourage and console others. In this case, the Lord seems to have extended Matushka Olga’s loving service and care for others far beyond her own village, in ways which convince many people that she is truly holy, truly a saint. The “Canadian connexion” in this regard concerns the many Canadians who are certain that “Mother Olga” is praying for them, and that as a result, help and healing have come from the Lord.
Nicolai O Michael
Nicolai O Michael was born in the village of Kwethluk in Alaska, USA, on 24 August, 1912. The available details of his life were written by his grand-daughter, Olga (Michael) McGill. Kwethluk is located at the confluence of the Kuskokwim and Kwethluk rivers in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. The constantly changing channel of the river gives the village its name. “Kwethluk” is derived from the Yup’ik words “kuik”, meaning “river”, and “-rrluk”, meaning “bad, unnatural”. “Nicolai”, writes his grand-daughter, “was a very caring person, and well known throughout the delta. He loved to fish and hunt. He also herded reindeer, which were used both as pack animals and as food for the community”.
Marriage ; seminary ; parish service
Nicolai married his wife, Olga (Arrsamquq), who was often called “Olinka”, an affectionate Russian form of her name. This marriage was an arranged marriage ; and at the beginning, communication between the two was difficult. Nicolai was not yet a particularly “churchly” man. Together, they received from the Lord 13 children, of whom only 8 survived to adulthood. His grand-daughter wrote that he was a strict father. Earlier in his life, Nicolai started the first US Post Office and General Store in Kwethluk, where he was the manager. All along, Olga was praying for her husband. After a time, he began to attend church, and he and 6 other village men became church readers. They then attended Saint Herman’s Seminary in Kodiak, and all but one were then ordained to the Holy Priesthood. Very many of the former Russian and American clergy had by this time left their parishes, and the parish-circuits remained vacant for a long time. It is useful to understand that it was the pressing and particular local need that caused the establishment of Saint Herman’s Seminary in 1972. This process of depletion had begun with the sale of Alaska to the USA, and it was increased by pressures from the strongly-Protestant-minded government which followed. It was just after the transfer of Bishop Theodosius (Lazor) from the diocese that the Archpriest Joseph Kreta made the proposal to establish the seminary, and that this proposal was blessed by the Holy Synod of Bishops of The Orthodox Church in America.
Father Nicolai was the very first priest in the village of Kwethluk, and when he returned to serve Kwethluk, he became greatly beloved by the people. It is important to understand that before she became a matushka, Olga was continuously praying for a long time for her husband and for her village. During her lifetime, 85 percent of the students (7 of 8) who went to Saint Herman’s Seminary came from Blessed Olga’s tiny village, Kwethluk, which had a Continue reading “Saint Matushka Olga Michael of Alaska (+1979)”
TEXTS – ORTHODOXY
Adam was in Paradise, and Paradise was within him
Saint Innocent of Alaska (+1879)
Saint Innocent of Alaska:
“As the book of Genesis states, Adam lived in the most beautiful garden (named Eden or Paradise), planted by God, and there he enjoyed all the blessings of life. He knew no sickness nor suffering. He feared nothing, and all beasts submitted to him as their master. Adam suffered neither cold nor heat. Although he toiled by caring for the garden of Eden, he did so with pleasure. His soul was filled with awareness of the Divine presence, and he loved his Creator with his whole heart. Adam was always calm and happy and knew no unpleasantness, sorrow, or concern. All his desires were pure, righteous, and orderly; his memory, intellect, and all other faculties were in harmony and were constantly being perfected. Being pure and innocent, he was always with God and conversed with Him as with his Father, and in return God loved him as His own beloved son. In brief, Adam was in Paradise, and Paradise was within him.”
ORTHODOX CHURCH QUOTES